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哈薩克斯坦三分之一的亞麻籽出口到中國
 One-third of Kazakhstan flaxseed exported to China

據烏克蘭農業谘詢機構APK Inform 報道,按哈薩克斯坦政府1月12日公布的官方數據,截至目前,中國成為哈薩克斯坦亞麻籽的主要進口國。

According to official data released by the Kazakh government on January 12, China has so far become the main importer of flaxseed from Kazakhstan, Ukrainian agricultural advisory agency APK Inform reported.

 

2019年4月,第二屆“一帶一路”國際合作高峰論壇期間,哈農業部和中國海關總署簽署《關於哈薩克斯坦小麥粉輸華植物檢疫要求的議定書》。2019年9月,哈總統托卡耶夫訪華期間,哈農業部和中國海關總署簽署《關於哈薩克斯坦亞麻籽輸華植物檢疫要求的議定書》。《議定書》的簽署為哈小麥粉和亞麻籽生產企業進入中國市場提供了可能。

In April 2019, during the second "One Belt One Road" International Cooperation Summit Forum, the Ministry of Agriculture of Kazakhstan and the General Administration of Customs of China signed the "Protocol on Phytosanitary Requirements for the Export of Kazakhstan Wheat Flour to China". In September 2019, during Kazakhstan's President Tokayev's visit to China, the Ministry of Agriculture of Kazakhstan and the General Administration of Customs of China signed the "Protocol on Plant Quarantine Requirements for Kazakhstan Flaxseed Exported to China." The signing of the "Protocol" provides the possibility for Kazakhstan wheat flour and linseed producers to enter the Chinese market.


自去年中國向哈薩克斯坦亞麻籽開放市場以來,中國在2020/21年的(9-11月)的三個月進口了50900噸亞麻籽,占哈薩克斯坦亞麻籽出口量的37%。

Since China opened its market to Kazakhstan flaxseed last year, China imported 50,900 tons of flaxseed in the three months of 2020/21 (September-November), accounting for 37% of Kazakhstan's flaxseed exports.

 

APK表示,在此期間,哈薩克斯坦總共出口了13.77萬噸亞麻籽(不包括對歐亞經濟聯盟(EAEU)的供應),低於上一年度同期的15.04萬噸。然而,由於中國加強了檢疫措施,禁止通過邊境口岸多斯蒂克-阿拉山口向中國裝載所有類型的貨物(集裝箱貨物除外),*近供應中斷。

APK said that during this period, Kazakhstan exported a total of 137,700 tons of flaxseed (excluding supply to the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU)), which was lower than the 150,400 tons in the same period of the previous year. However, due to China's strengthened quarantine measures and prohibits the loading of all types of goods (except containerized goods) into China through the border port Dostic-Alashankou, supply has recently been interrupted.


從9月到11月,哈薩克斯坦亞麻籽對歐盟的出口總量為75500噸,而2019/20年同期為113400噸。據APK Inform稱,對歐盟的出口減少是由於本年度哈薩克斯坦亞麻籽供應減少以及來自中國的競爭。 

From September to November, Kazakhstan's flaxseed exports to the EU totaled 75,500 tons, compared with 113,400 tons in the same period in 2019/20. According to APK Inform, the decrease in exports to the EU is due to the reduced supply of flaxseed from Kazakhstan this year and competition from China.

 

亞麻籽俗稱胡麻,是一種重要的油料作物,國內主要產於華北、西北高寒地區。近年來,因其產量低、經濟效益差,種植麵積大幅縮減,國產亞麻籽已遠遠不能滿足生產加工和消費市場需求。

Flaxseed, commonly known as flax, is an important oil crop. It is mainly produced in the alpine regions of North China and Northwest China. In recent years, due to its low output and poor economic benefits, the planting area has been greatly reduced, and domestic flaxseed is far from being able to meet the needs of the production, processing and consumer market.

 

近年來,哈農民種植亞麻的積*性不斷提高,原因是亞麻成本低廉,易於種植,且亞麻籽價格大大高於小麥。哈亞麻籽產量和生產企業數量明顯增長,在短短幾年內,哈已成為亞麻籽和亞麻油主要出口國之一,每年大量對歐洲和亞洲國家出口。中國是哈亞麻產品的主要出口目的國之一。

In recent years, the enthusiasm of Kazakh farmers to plant flax has continued to increase. The reason is that flax is cheap and easy to plant, and the price of flaxseed is much higher than that of wheat. Kazakhstan's flaxseed output and the number of production enterprises have increased significantly. In just a few years, Kazakhstan has become one of the main exporters of flaxseed and flaxseed oil, exporting a large amount to European and Asian countries every year. China is one of the main export destination countries of Kazakhstan flax products.



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